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ARTICLE IX
FORCIBLE ENTRY AND DETAINER
Part 1. In General

Forcible entry prohibited.
    No  person  shall  make  an entry  into lands or tenements except in cases where entry is allowed by law, and in such cases he or she shall not enter with force,  but  in  a peaceable manner. (735 ILCS 5/9-101) Sec. 9-101.

When action may be maintained.
(a)  The person entitled to the possession of lands or tenements may be restored thereto under any of the following circumstances:
(1)  When a forcible entry is made thereon.

(2)  When  a  peaceable entry is made and the possession unlawfully withheld.

(3)  When  entry  is  made  into  vacant or unoccupied lands or tenements without right or title.

(4)  When any lessee of the lands or tenements, or  any  person holding  under such lessee, holds possession without right after the termination of the lease or tenancy by its own limitation, condition or terms, or by notice to quit or otherwise.

(5)  When a vendee having obtained possession under  a  written or  verbal  agreement  to  purchase  lands  or tenements, and having failed to comply with the agreement, withholds  possession  thereof, after  demand  in writing by the person entitled to such possession; provided, however, that any  such  agreement  for  residential  real estate  as  defined in the Illinois Mortgage Foreclosure Law entered into on or after July 1, 1987 where the purchase price is to be paid in installments over a period in excess of 5 years  and the amount unpaid  under the terms of the contract at the time of the filing of a  foreclosure complaint under Article XV,  including  principal and due and unpaid interest, is less than 80% of the original purchase price shall be foreclosed under the  Illinois  Mortgage  Foreclosure Law. This amendatory Act of 1993 is declarative of existing law.

(6)  When lands or tenements have been conveyed by any grantor in possession, or sold under the order or judgment of any court in this State, or by  virtue  of any sale in any mortgage or deed of trust contained and the grantor in possession or party to such order or judgment or to such  mortgage or  deed of trust,  after  the expiration of the time of redemption, when redemption is allowed by law, refuses or neglects  to  surrender  possession  thereof,  after demand  in  writing  by  the  person entitled thereto, or his or her agent.

(7)  When any property is subject  to  the  provisions  of  the Condominium  Property  Act,  the owner of a unit fails or refuses to pay when due his or her proportionate share of the  common  expenses of  such  property, or of any other expenses lawfully agreed upon or any unpaid fine, the Board of Managers or its agents have served the demand set forth in Section 9-104.1 of this Article  in  the  manner provided  for in  that Section and the unit owner has failed to pay the amount claimed within the time prescribed in the demand; or if the  lessor-owner  of  a  unit  fails  to  comply  with  the leasing requirements  prescribed by subsection  (n)  of  Section  18  of  the Condominium  Property  Act or by the declaration, by-laws, and rules and regulations of the condominium, or if a lessee of an owner is in breach of any covenants,  rules,  regulations,  or  by-laws  of  the condominium, and the Board of Managers or its agents have served the demand  set  forth  in Section 9-104.2 of this Article in the manner provided in that Section.

(8)  When any property  is  subject  to  the  provisions  of a declaration  establishing  a common interest community and requiring the unit owner  to  pay  regular or special assessments for the maintenance  or repair of common areas owned in common by all of the owners  of  the  common  interest  community  or  by  the  community association and maintained for the use of the unit owners or of any other expenses of the association lawfully agreed upon, and the unit owner  fails  or  refuses  to  pay when due his or her proportionate share of such assessments or expenses and the board  or  its  agents have  served the demand set forth in Section 9-104.1 of this Article in the manner provided for in that Section and the  unit  owner  has failed  to  pay the amount claimed within the time prescribed in the
demand.
(b)  The provisions of paragraph (8) of subsection  (a)  of  Section 9-102  and  Section  9-104.3  of  this Act shall not apply to any common interest community  unless  (1)  the  association  is  a  not-for-profit corporation,  (2)  unit  owners are authorized to attend meetings of the board of directors or board of managers of the association in  the  same manner  as provided for condominiums under the Condominium Property Act, and (3) the board of managers  or  board  of  directors  of  the  common interest  community association has, subsequent to the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1984 voted to have the provisions of this Article
apply to such association and has delivered or  mailed  notice  of  such action  to  the unit owners or unless the declaration of the association is recorded after the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1985.

(c)  For purposes of this Article:
(1)  "Common interest community" means real estate other than a condominium or cooperative with  respect  to  which  any person by virtue of his or her ownership of a partial interest or unit therein is   obligated   to  pay  for  maintenance, improvement,  insurance premiums, or real estate taxes of other real estate described  in  a declaration which is administered by an association.

(2)  "Declaration" means any duly recorded instruments, however designated,  that  have  created a common interest community and any duly recorded amendments to those instruments.

(3)  "Unit" means a physical portion  of  the  common  interest community designated   by   separate  ownership  or  occupancy  by boundaries which are described in a declaration.

(4)  "Unit owners'  association"  or  "association"  means the association  of all owners of units in the common interest community acting pursuant to the declaration.
(d)  If the board of a common interest community elects to have the provisions  of this Article apply to such association or the declaration of the  association  is  recorded  after  the  effective  date  of  this amendatory Act of 1985, the provisions of subsections (c) through (h) of Section  18.5  of  the  Condominium  Property Act applicable to a Master Association and condominium  unit  subject  to  such  association  under subsections  (c)  through (h) of Section 18.5 shall be applicable to the community associations and to its unit owners. (735 ILCS 5/9-102)
Sec. 9-102.

Mobile home site.
    The rental of land upon which a mobile  home is placed or the rental of a mobile home and the land on which it is placed, for more than 30 days, shall be construed as a lease of real property. However, nothing in this Section shall be construed to affect the classification of mobile homes as real or  personal  property for purposes of taxation.  (735 ILCS 5/9-103) Sec. 9-103.

Demand - Notice  -  Return.
    The demand required by Section  9-102 of this Act may be made by delivering a copy thereof to the tenant, or by leaving such a copy with some person of the age of  13 years  or  upwards, residing on, or being in charge of, the premises; or in case no one is in the actual possession  of  the  premises,  then  by posting the same on the premises. When such demand is made by an officer authorized  to  serve process, his or her return is prima facie evidence of the facts therein stated, and if such demand is made  by  any  person not an officer,  the return may be sworn to by the person serving the same, and is then prima facie evidence of the facts therein stated.  The demand for possession may be in the following form:
To .... I  hereby  demand  immediate  possession  of the following described premises: (describing the same.) The demand shall be signed by the person claiming  such  possession, his or her agent, or attorney.  (735 ILCS 5/9-104) Sec. 9-104.
Demand;  Notice;  Return;  Condominium  and  Contract Purchasers.
(a)  In  case  there is a contract for the purchase of such lands or tenements or in case of condominium property, the demand shall give  the purchaser  under such contract, or to the condominium unit owner, as the case may be, at least 30 days to satisfy the terms of the demand  before an action is filed.  In case of a condominium unit, the demand shall set forth  the  amount claimed which must be paid within the time prescribed in the demand and the time period  or  periods  when  the  amounts  were originally  due,  unless the demand is for compliance with Section 18(n)of the Condominium Property Act, in which  case  the  demand  shall  set forth  the  nature  of  the lease and memorandum of lease or the leasing requirement not satisfied. The amount claimed shall include  regular  or special assessments, late charges or interest for delinquent assessments, and attorneys' fees claimed for services incurred prior to the demand. Attorneys' fees claimed by condominium associations in the demand shall be subject to review by the courts in  any  forcible  entry and  detainer  proceeding  under subsection (b) of Section 9-111 of this Act. The demand shall be signed by the person claiming such  possession,his or her agent, or attorney.

(b)  In the case of a condominium unit, the demand is not invalidated by partial payment of amounts due if the payments do not, at the end of the notice period, total the amounts demanded in  the  notice for  common  expenses,  unpaid fines, interest, late charges, reasonable attorney fees incurred prior to the initiation of any court  action  and costs  of  collection.   The  person  claiming possession, or his or her agent or attorney, may, however, agree in writing to withdraw the demand in exchange for receiving partial payment.  To prevent invalidation, the notice must prominently state:
    "Only FULL PAYMENT of all  amounts  demanded  in  this  notice  will invalidate  the demand, unless the person claiming possession, or his or her agent or attorney, agrees in  writing  to  withdraw  the  demand  in exchange for receiving partial payment."
(c)  The demand set forth in subsection (a) of this Section shall be served  either  personally upon such purchaser or condominium unit owner or by sending the demand thereof by registered or  certified  mail  with return  receipt requested to the last known address of such purchaser or condominium unit owner or in case no one is in the actual possession  of the premises, then by posting the same on the premises. When such demand is  made by an officer authorized to serve process, his or her return is prima facie evidence of the facts therein stated and if such  demand  is made  by  any  person  not an officer, the return may be sworn to by the person serving the same, and is then prima facie evidence of  the  facts therein  stated.  To  be  effective service under this Section, a demand sent by certified or registered mail to the last known address need  not be  received by the purchaser or condominium unit owner. No other demand shall be required as a prerequisite to filing an action under  paragraph (7)  of  subsection  (a)  of  Section  9-102 of this Act. Service of the demand by registered or certified mail shall be  deemed  effective  upon deposit  in  the  United  States  mail  with  proper postage prepaid and addressed as provided in this subsection. (735 ILCS 5/9-104.1) Sec. 9-104.1.

Demand - Notice - Termination of Lease and Possession of a Condominium.
(a)  Unless the Board of Managers is seeking to terminate the  right of  possession of a tenant or other occupant of a unit under an existing lease or other arrangement with the owner  of  a  unit,  no  demand  nor summons  need  be served upon the tenant or other occupant in connection with an action brought under paragraph (7) of subsection (a) of  Section 9-102 of this Article.

(a-5)  The Board of Managers may seek to terminate the right of possession of a tenant or other occupant of a unit under an existing lease or other arrangement between the tenant or other occupant and the defaulting owner of a unit, either within the same  action  against  the unit  owner under  paragraph  (7) of subsection (a) of Section 9-102 of this Article or independently thereafter under other paragraphs of  that subsection. If a  tenant or other occupant of a unit is joined within the same action against the defaulting unit owner under  paragraph  (7), only  the  unit  owner  and  not the tenant or other occupant need to be served with 30 days prior written notice as provided  in  this  Article. The  tenant  or other occupant may be joined as additional defendants at the time the suit is filed or at any time thereafter prior to  execution of judgment for possession by filing, with or without prior leave of the court, an  amended  complaint  and summons for trial.  If the complaint alleges that the unit is occupied or may be occupied  by  persons  other than  or in addition to the unit owner of record, that the identities of the persons are concealed and unknown, they may be named and  joined as defendant  "Unknown  Occupants".  Summons may be served on the defendant "Unknown Occupants" by the sheriff or court appointed process server  by leaving  a  copy at the unit with any person residing at the unit of the age of 13 years or greater, and  if  the  summons  is  returned  without service  stating  that  service cannot be obtained, constructive service may be obtained pursuant to Section  9-107  of  this  Code  with  notice mailed  to  "Unknown Occupants" at the address of the unit.  If prior to execution of judgment for possession the  identity  of  a  defendant  or defendants served in this manner is discovered, his or her name or names and the  record  may  be  corrected  upon hearing pursuant to notice of motion served upon the identified defendant or defendants at the unit in the manner provided by court rule for service of notice  of  motion. If however an action under paragraph (7) was brought against the defaulting unit  owner  only,  and  after  obtaining  judgment  for  possession and expiration of the stay on enforcement the Board of Managers  elects  not to  accept a tenant or occupant in possession as its own and to commence a separate action, written notice of the judgment against the unit owner and demand to quit the premises shall be served on the tenant  or  other occupant  in  the  manner  provided under Section 9-211 at least 10 days prior to bringing suit to recover possession from the  tenant  or  other occupant.

(b)  If  a  judgment  for  possession  is  granted  to  the Board of Managers under Section 9-111, any interest of the unit owner to  receive rents  under any lease arrangement shall be deemed assigned to the Board of Managers until such time as the judgment is vacated.

(c)  If a judgment for possession is entered, the Board of  Managers may  obtain  from  the  clerk  of the court an informational certificate notifying any tenants not parties to the proceeding of the assignment of the unit owner's interest in the  lease  arrangement  to  the  Board  of Managers  as  a  result  of the entry of the judgment for possession and stating that any rent hereinafter due the unit owner or his agent  under the  lease  arrangement  should  be  paid to the Board of Managers until further order of court.  If the tenant pays his rent to the  association
pursuant to the entry of such a judgement for possession, the unit owner may  not  sue  said  tenant  for  any  such  amounts the tenant pays the association. Upon service of the certificate on the tenant in the manner provided by Section 9-211 of this Code, the tenant shall be obligated to pay the rent under the lease arrangement to the Board of Managers as  it becomes  due.   If  the  tenant  thereafter fails and refuses to pay the rent, the Board of Managers may bring an  action  for  possession  after making a demand for rent in accordance with Section 9-209 of this Code. (c-5)  In  an  action  against  the unit owner and lessee to evict a lessee for failure of the lessor/owner of the condominium unit to comply with the leasing requirements prescribed by subsection (n) of Section 18 of the Condominium Property Act or by the declaration, bylaws, and rules and regulations of the condominium, or against a lessee  for  any  other breach  by the lessee of any covenants, rules, regulations, or bylaws of the condominium, the demand shall give the lessee at least 10 days to quit  and  vacate  the  unit. The notice shall be substantially in the following form:"TO A.B.  You are hereby notified that in consequence of  (here insert  lessor-owner  name)  failure  to  comply  with  the leasing requirements prescribed by Section 18(n) of the condominium Property Act  or by the declaration, bylaws, and rules and regulations of the condominium, or your default of any covenants, rules, regulations or bylaws of the condominium, in (here  insert  the  character  of the  default)  of the premises now occupied by you, being (here described the  premises)  the  Board  of  Managers  of  (here   describe the condominium) Association elects to terminate your lease, and you are hereby  notified  to  quit  and  vacate  same within 10 days of this date.".
    The demand shall be signed by the Board of Managers, its  agent,  or attorney  and shall be served either personally upon the lessee with a copy to the unit owner or by sending the demand thereof by registered or certified mail with return receipt requested to the unit occupied by the lessee and to the last known address of the unit  owner,  and  no  other demand  of  termination  of  such  tenancy  shall   be  required.  To be effective service under this Section, a demand sent by  certified  mail, return  receipt requested, to the unit occupied by the lessee and to the last known address of the unit owner need not be received by the  lessee or condominium unit owner.
(d)  Nothing  in  this  Section 9-104.2 is intended to confer upon a Board of Managers any greater authority with respect to possession of  a unit after a judgment than was previously established by this Act. (735 ILCS 5/9-104.2) Sec. 9-104.2.

Applicability  of  Article.
    All common interest community  associations electing pursuant to paragraph (8) of subsection (a) of Section 9-102 to  have  this  Article  made  applicable  to  such association  shall  follow  the same procedures and have the same rights and responsibilities as condominium associations under this Article. (735 ILCS 5/9-104.3)
Sec.  9-104.3.

Growing crops.
    In case of forfeiture under contract of purchase, the purchaser shall be entitled to cultivate and gather the crops, if any, planted by him or her and grown or growing on the premises at the time of the filing of the action,  and shall have the right  to  enter for the purpose of removing such crops, first paying or tendering  to  the  party  entitled  to  the  possession  a reasonable compensation for such use of the land before removing such crops. (735 ILCS 5/9-105) Sec. 9-105.

Pleadings and evidence.
    On complaint by the party or parties entitled  to the possession of such premises being filed in the circuit court for the county where such premises are  situated,  stating that  such  party  is  entitled  to the possession  of  such  premises (describing  the same with reasonable certainty), and that the defendant (naming the defendant) unlawfully withholds the possession thereof  from him, her or them, the clerk of the court shall issue a summons.
    The  defendant  may under a general denial of the allegations of the complaint offer in  evidence  any  matter  in  defense  of  the  action. Except as otherwise provided in Section 9-120, no matters not germane to the  distinctive  purpose  of  the  proceeding  shall  be  introduced by joinder, counterclaim or otherwise. However, a claim  for  rent  may  be joined  in  the complaint, and judgment may be entered for the amount of rent found due.  (735 ILCS 5/9-106) Sec. 9-106.

Action for  condominium  assessments  not  barred  or waived  by  acceptance  of  assessments  for time periods not covered by demand.
    An action brought under paragraph (7) of subsection (a)  of  Section 9-102  of this Act is neither barred nor waived by the action of a Board of Managers in accepting payments from a  unit  owner  for  his  or  her proportionate  share  of  the  common  expenses or of any other expenses lawfully agreed upon for any time period other than that covered by the demand.  (735 ILCS 5/9-106.1) Sec. 9-106.1.

Constructive service.
    If the plaintiff,  his or her agent, or attorney files a forcible detainer action, with or without joinder of a claim for rent in the complaint, and is  unable  to  obtain personal  service  on  the  defendant  and a summons duly issued in such action is returned without service  stating  that  service  can  not  be obtained, then  the plaintiff, his or her agent or attorney may file an affidavit stating that the defendant is not a resident of this State, or has departed from this State, or on due inquiry cannot be found,  or  is concealed within this State so that process cannot be served upon him or her, and also stating the place of residence of the defendant, if known, or  if  not  known,  that upon diligent inquiry the affiant has not been able to ascertain the defendant's place of residence, then in  all  suchforcible  detainer  cases whether or not a claim for rent is joined with the complaint for possession, the defendant may be notified  by  posting and  mailing  of notices; or by publication and mailing, as provided for in Section 2-206 of this Act. However, in cases where the  defendant  is notified  by  posting  and  mailing  of  notices  or  by publication and mailing, and the defendant does not appear generally, the court may rule only on the  portion  of  the  complaint  which  seeks  judgment for possession, and the court shall not enter judgment as to any rent claim joined in the complaint or enter personal judgment for any  amount  owed by  a  unit  owner  for  his  or  her  proportionate share of the common expenses, however, an in rem judgment may be entered  against  the  unit for  the  amount  of  common  expenses  due, any other expenses lawfully agreed upon or the amount of any unpaid fine, together  with  reasonable attorney  fees, if any, and costs. The claim for rent may remain pending until such time as the defendant appears generally  or  is  served  with summons,  but  the  order for possession shall be final, enforceable and appealable if the court makes an express written finding that there is no just  reason  for  delaying  enforcement or appeal, as provided by Supreme Court rule of this State.
   Such notice shall be in the name of the clerk of the court, be directed  to  the defendant, shall state the nature of the cause against the defendant and at whose instance issued and the time  and  place  for trial,  and  shall  also  state that unless the defendant appears at the time and place fixed for trial, judgment will be entered by default, and shall specify the character of the judgment that will be entered in such cause.  The sheriff shall post 3 copies of the notice in 3 public places in the neighborhood of the court where the cause  is  to  be  tried,  at least 10 days prior to the day set for the appearance, and, if the place of  residence of the defendant is stated in any affidavit on file, shall at the same time mail one copy of the notice addressed to such defendant at such place of residence shown in such affidavit.  On  or  before  the day  set  for  the appearance, the sheriff shall file the notice with an endorsement thereon stating the time when and places where  the  sheriff posted  and  to  whom  and  at  what  address he or she mailed copies as required by this Section.  For want of sufficient notice any  cause  may be  continued  from time to time until the court has jurisdiction of the defendant. (735 ILCS 5/9-107) Sec. 9-107.

Jury trial.
    In any case relating to premises  used  for residence   purposes,   either   party   may   demand   trial  by  jury, notwithstanding any waiver of jury  trial  contained  in  any  lease  or contract.  (735 ILCS 5/9-108) Sec. 9-108.

Trial ex parte.
    If  the  defendant  does  not  appear, having  been  duly  summoned as herein provided the trial may proceed ex parte, and may be tried by the court, without a jury. (735 ILCS 5/9-109) Sec. 9-109.

Standard of Proof.
    After a trial, if the court  finds, by  a  preponderance  of  the  evidence,  that  the  allegations  in the complaint  have  been  proven,  the  court  shall  enter  judgment   for possession of the premises in favor of the plaintiff. (735 ILCS 5/9-109.5) Sec. 9-109.5.

Stay of enforcement; drug related action.
    A judgment for possession of the premises entered in an action brought by a lessor or lessor's assignee, if the action was brought as a result of a lessor or  lessor's  assignee  declaring a lease void pursuant to Section 11 of the Controlled Substance and Cannabis Nuisance Act, may  not  be  stayed for  any  period  in  excess  of  7  days  by  the court. Thereafter the plaintiff shall be entitled to re-enter the  premises  immediately.  The sheriff  or  other  lawfully  deputized  officers shall execute an order entered pursuant to this Section within 7 days of its entry, or within 7 days of the expiration of a stay of judgment, if one is entered. (735 ILCS 5/9-109.7) Sec. 9-109.7.

Judgment for whole premises - Stay of enforcement.
    If it appears on the trial that the plaintiff is entitled to the possession of  the  whole  of  the  premises  claimed,  judgment for the possession thereof and for costs shall  be  entered  in  favor  of  the  plaintiff. However,  if  the action is brought under Article IX of this Code and is based upon a breach of a contract entered into on or after July 1,  1962 for  the  purchase  of  such premises, the court, by order, may stay the enforcement of the judgment for a period not to exceed 60 days from  the date  of  the  judgment, or if the court finds that the amount unpaid on the contract is less than 75% of the original purchase price,  then  the court  shall  stay  the  enforcement of the judgment for a period of 180 days from the date of the judgment.  The court may order a stay of  less than  180  days  (but in no event less than 60 days) if it is shown that the plaintiff, prior to the filing of the action  under  Article  IX  of this  Act,  granted the defendant previous extensions of time to pay the amounts due under the contract, or  for  other  good  cause  shown. If during such period of stay the defendant pays the entire amount then due and  payable under the terms of the contract other than such portion of the principal balance due under the contract as would not be due had  no default  occurred  and  costs  and,  if  the contract provides therefor, reasonable attorney's fees as fixed by the court, and  cures  all  other defaults  then  existing, the contract shall remain in force the same as if no default had occurred.  The relief granted to a defendant  by  this Section  shall not be exhausted by a single use thereof but shall not be again available with respect to the same contract  for  a  period  of  5 years  from  the  date  of  such judgment.  Whenever defendant cures the default under the contract pursuant to this Section, the  defendant  may within  the  period  of stay file a motion to vacate the judgment in the court in which the judgment was entered, and, if  the  court,  upon  the hearing  of  such motion, is satisfied that such default has been cured, such judgment shall be vacated.  Unless defendant files such  motion  to vacate  in the court or the judgment is otherwise stayed, enforcement of the judgment may proceed immediately upon the expiration of such  period of  stay  and  all rights of the defendant in and to the premises and in and to the real estate described in the contract are terminated.
    Nothing herein contained shall be construed as affecting the right of  a  seller of such premises to any lawful remedy or relief other than that provided by Part 1 of Article IX of this Act. (735 ILCS 5/9-110) Sec. 9-110.

Condominium property.
(a)  As to property subject to the provisions of the "Condominium Property  Act", approved June 20, 1963, as amended, when the action is based upon the failure of an owner of a unit therein to pay when due his or her proportionate share of the common expenses of the property, or of any other expenses lawfully agreed upon or  the  amount  of  any  unpaid fine,  and  if the court finds that the expenses or fines are due to the plaintiff, the plaintiff shall be entitled  to  the  possession  of  the whole  of  the  premises claimed, and judgment in favor of the plaintiff shall be entered for the possession thereof and for the amount found due by the court including interest and late charges, if any, together  with reasonable  attorney's  fees, if any, and for the plaintiff's costs. The awarding  of  reasonable  attorney's  fees  shall  be  pursuant  to  the standards set forth in subsection (b) of this Section 9-111.  The  court shall, by order, stay the enforcement of the judgment for possession for a  period of not less than 60 days from the date of the judgment and may stay the enforcement of the judgment for a period not to exceed 180 days from such date.  Any judgment for money or  any  rent  assignment under subsection  (b)  of  Section 9-104.2 is not subject to this stay.  If at any time, either during or after the period of stay, the defendant  pays such  expenses  found  due  by  the  court,  and  costs,  and reasonable  attorney's fees as fixed by the court,  and  the  defendant  is  not  in arrears  on  his  or  her  share  of  the common expenses for the period subsequent to that covered by the judgment, the  defendant  may  file  a motion  to  vacate  the  judgment in the court in which the judgment was entered, and, if  the  court,  upon  the  hearing  of  such  motion,  is satisfied  that  the  default  in  payment of the proportionate share of expenses has been cured, and if the court finds that  the  premises  are not  presently  let  by  the  board  of  managers as provided in Section 9-111.1 of this Act, the judgment shall be vacated.  If the premises are being let by the board of managers as provided  in  Section  9-111.1  of this  Act,  when  any  judgment is sought to be vacated, the court shall vacate the judgment effective concurrent  with  the  expiration  of  the lease term. Unless defendant files such motion to vacate in the court or the  judgment  is  otherwise  stayed,  enforcement  of  the judgment mayproceed immediately upon the expiration of the period of  stay and all rights of the defendant to possession of his or her unit shall cease and determine  until the date that the judgment may thereafter be vacated in accordance with the foregoing provisions, and notwithstanding payment of the amount of any money judgment if the unit owner  or  occupant  is  in arrears  for  the  period  after  the  date  of entry of the judgment as provided in this Section. Nothing herein contained shall be construed as affecting the right of the board of managers,  or  its  agents,  to  any lawful remedy or relief other than that provided by Part 1 of Article IX of this Act.

(b)  For  purposes  of  determining reasonable attorney's fees under subsection (a), the court shall consider:
(i)  the time expended by the attorney;

(ii)  the reasonableness of the hourly rate for the work performed;

(iii)  the  reasonableness  of  the amount of time expended for the work performed; and

(iv)  the amount in controversy and the nature of the action. (735 ILCS 5/9-111) Sec. 9-111.

Lease to bona fide  tenant.
    Upon the entry of a judgment  in  favor  of  a  board of managers for possession of property under the Condominium Property Act, as provided in Section 9-111 of this Act, and upon delivery of possession of the premises by the  sheriff  or other authorized official to the board of managers pursuant to execution upon  the  judgment,  the  board  of  managers  shall have the right and authority, incidental to the right of possession of  a  unit  under  the judgment,  but  not  the  obligation,  to  lease the unit to a bona fide tenant (whether the tenant is in occupancy or not) pursuant to a written lease for a term not to exceed 13 months from the date of expiration  of the  stay  of  judgment unless extended by order of court upon notice to the dispossessed unit owner.  The board of managers  shall  first  apply all  rental  income  to  assessments  and other charges sued upon in the action for possession plus statutory interest on a monetary judgment, if any, attorneys' fees, and  court  costs  incurred;  and  then  to  other expenses  lawfully  agreed  upon (including late charges), any fines and reasonable expenses necessary to make the unit rentable, and  lastly  to assessments  accrued  thereafter  until  assessments  are  current.  Any surplus shall be remitted to the unit owner.   The  court  shall  retain jurisdiction  to  determine  the reasonableness of the expense of making the unit rentable. (735 ILCS 5/9-111.1) Sec. 9-111.1.

Judgment for part of premises.
    If it shall appear  that the  plaintiff  is  entitled  to  the  possession  of only a part of the premises claimed, the judgment shall be entered for that part  only and for costs, and for the residue defendant shall be dismissed. (735 ILCS 5/9-112) Sec. 9-112. (Source: P.A. 82-280.)

Joinder of several tenants.
    Whenever there is one lease for the whole of certain premises, and the actual possession thereof, at the time of the filing of the action,  is  divided  in  severalty  among persons  with,  or  other  than  the  lessee, in one or more portions or parcels, separately or severally held or occupied, all  or  so  many  of
such persons, with the lessee, as the plaintiff may elect, may be joined as  defendants in one action, and the recovery against them, with costs, shall be several, according as  their  actual  holdings  are  judicially determined.
(735 ILCS 5/9-113) Sec. 9-113.

Judgment  against  plaintiff.
    If the plaintiff voluntarily  dismisses  the  action,  or  fails to prove the plaintiff's right to the possession, judgment for costs shall be entered in favor of
the defendant.  (735 ILCS 5/9-114) Sec.  9-114.

Dismissal as to part.
    The plaintiff may at any time dismiss his or her action as to any one or more of the defendants, and the jury or court may find any one or more of the defendants liable, and the others not liable, and the  court  shall  thereupon  enter  judgment according to such finding. (735 ILCS 5/9-115) Sec. 9-115.

Pending appeal.
    If the plaintiff appeals, then, during and notwithstanding the  pendency  of  such appeal, the plaintiff is entitled  to  enforce,  or  accept from the defendant or from any person claiming under him or her, performance of all obligations  imposed  upon such  defendant  by  the  terms  of  any  lease,  contract,  covenant or agreement under which the defendant claims the right to possession,  or by  law, as if such appeal has not been taken, without thereby affecting the appeal or the judgment appealed from, and without  thereby  creating or  reinstating  any  tenancy  or  other  relationship  of  the parties. However, if the result of the prosecution of such appeal  and  entry  of final  judgment  is  that  the  defendant was obligated to the plaintiff during the pendency thereof in a different form, manner or  amount  than   that  in  which any payment or payments made under the provision of this Section was or were enforced or accepted, or in a different form, manner or amount than that adjudged in any judgment entered by any court in any other proceedings instituted by virtue of the provisions of this Section during the pendency of the appeal, such payment  or  payments  shall  be deemed  to  have  been  made  to  apply  in  the form, manner and amount resulting or arising from the prosecution of such appeal, on account  of the defendant's obligation. (735 ILCS 5/9-116) Sec. 9-116.

Expiration of Judgment.
    No judgment for possession obtained in an action brought under this Article may be enforced more than 90 days after judgment is  entered,  unless  upon  motion  by  the plaintiff  the court grants an extension of the period of enforcement of the judgment.  Plaintiff's notice of motion shall contain the following notice directed to the defendant:
"Your  landlord,  (insert  name), obtained an eviction judgment against you on (insert date), but the  sheriff  did  not  evict  you within  the  90 days that the landlord has to evict after a judgment in court.  On the date stated in this notice, your landlord will  be asking  the  court  to  allow the sheriff to evict you based on that judgment.  You must attend the court hearing if you want  the  court to  stop  the  landlord  from  having  you  evicted.  To prevent the eviction, you must be able to prove that (1) the  landlord  and  you  made  an  agreement after the judgment (for instance, to pay up back rent or to comply with the lease) and  you  have  lived  up  to  the agreement;  or  (2)  the  reason  the  landlord brought the original eviction case has been resolved or forgiven, and  the  eviction  the landlord now wants the court to grant is based on a new or different reason;  or  (3) that you have another legal or equitable reason why the  court  should  not  grant  the  landlord's request for your eviction."
    The  court  shall grant the motion for the extension of the judgment of possession unless the defendant establishes that the tenancy has been reinstated, that the breach upon which the judgment was issued has  been cured  or  waived,  that  the  plaintiff  and  defendant  entered into a post-judgment agreement whose terms the defendant has performed, or that other legal or equitable grounds  exist  that  bar  enforcement  of  the judgment.  This Section does not apply to any action based upon a breach of a contract entered into on or after July 1, 1962, for the purchase of premises in which the court has entered a stay under Section 9-110;  nor shall  this  Section  apply  to  any  action  to which the provisions of Section 9-111 apply; nor shall this Section affect the rights of  Boards of Managers under Section 9-104.2. (735 ILCS 5/9-117) Sec. 9-117.

Emergency housing eviction proceedings.
(a)  As used in this Section:
"Cannabis" has the meaning ascribed to that term in the Cannabis Control Act.

"Narcotics" and "controlled substance" have the meanings ascribed to those terms in the Illinois Controlled Substances Act.

(b)  This  Section  applies  only if all of the following conditions are met:
(1)  The complaint seeks possession of premises that are owned or managed by a housing authority established under the Housing Authorities Act or privately owned and managed.

(2)  The verified complaint alleges that there is direct evidence of any of the following:
(A)  unlawful possessing, serving, storing, manufacturing, cultivating,  delivering, using,  selling,  giving away, or trafficking  in  cannabis,  narcotics, or controlled substances within or upon the  premises  by  or  with  the  knowledge and consent  of,  or in concert with the person or persons named in the complaint; or

(B)  the possession, use, sale, or delivery of a firearm which  is  otherwise prohibited by State law within or upon the premises by or with the knowledge and consent of, or in concert with, the person or persons named in the complaint; or

(C)  murder, attempted murder, kidnapping, attempted  kidnapping, arson, attempted arson, aggravated  battery, criminal sexual assault, attempted  criminal  sexual assault, aggravated criminal  sexual assault, predatory criminal sexual assault of a child, or criminal sexual abuse within or upon the premises by or with the knowledge and consent of, or in concert with, the person or persons named in the complaint.
(3)  Notice by verified complaint setting  forth  the  relevant facts,  and a demand for possession of the type specified in Section 9-104 is served on the tenant or occupant of the premises  at  least 14  days  before  a  hearing  on the complaint is held, and proof of service of the complaint is submitted by the plaintiff to the court.
(b-5)  In all actions brought under this Section 9-118, no predicate notice of termination or demand for  possession  shall  be  required  to initiate an eviction action.

(c)  When a complaint has been filed under this Section, a hearing on the complaint shall be scheduled on any day after the  expiration  of 14  days following the filing of the complaint. The summons shall advise the defendant that a hearing on the  complaint  shall  be  held  at  the specified  date  and  time, and that the defendant should be prepared to present any evidence on his or her behalf at that time. If a plaintiff which is a public housing authority accepts rent from the defendant after an action  is  initiated  under  this  Section,  the acceptance of rent shall not be a cause for dismissal of the complaint.
(d)  If the defendant does not appear at the hearing, judgment for possession of the premises in favor of the plaintiff shall be entered by default.  If the defendant appears, a trial shall be held immediately as is prescribed in other proceedings for possession.  The matter shall not be continued beyond 7 days from the date set for the  first  hearing  on the  complaint  except  by  agreement  of  both  the  plaintiff  and the defendant.  After a trial, if the court finds, by a preponderance of the evidence, that the allegations in the complaint have  been  proven,  the
court  shall  enter  judgment for possession of the premises in favor of the plaintiff and the court shall order  that  the  plaintiff  shall  be entitled to re-enter the premises immediately.

(d-5)  If cannabis, narcotics, or controlled substances are found or used  anywhere in the premises, there is a rebuttable presumption either (1) that the cannabis, narcotics, or controlled substances were used  or possessed  by  a  tenant  or  occupant  or (2) that a tenant or occupant permitted the premises to be used for that use or possession,  and  knew or  should  have  reasonably  known  that  the  substance  was  used  or possessed.

(e)  A judgment for possession entered under this Section may not be stayed  for any period in excess of 7 days by the court.  Thereafter the plaintiff shall be entitled to re-enter the premises immediately.   The sheriff  or  other  lawfully  deputized  officers shall give priority to service and execution of orders entered under this  Section  over  other possession orders.

(f)  This  Section  shall  not  be  construed to prohibit the use or possession of cannabis, narcotics, or a controlled  substance  that  has been  legally  obtained  in accordance with a valid prescription for the personal use of a lawful occupant of a dwelling unit. (735 ILCS 5/9-118) Sec. 9-118.

Emergency subsidized housing eviction proceedings.
(a)  As used in this Section:
    "FmHA" means the Farmers Home Administration or a local housing authority administering an FmHA program.
    "HUD"  means  the  United  States  Department  of  Housing and Urban Development, or the Federal Housing Administration or  a  local  housing authority administering a HUD program.
    "Section  8  contract"  means  a  contract  with  HUD  or FmHA which provides rent subsidies entered into pursuant to Section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 or the Section 8 Existing Housing Program (24 C.F.R. Part 882).
    "Subsidized housing" means:
(1)  any housing or unit of housing subject to a Section 8 contract;

(2)  any housing or unit of housing owned, operated, or managed by  a  housing  authority  established under the Housing Authorities Act; or

(3)  any housing or unit of  housing  financed  by  a  loan  or mortgage held by the Illinois Housing Development Authority, a local housing  authority,  or  the federal Department of Housing and Urban Development ("HUD") that is:
(i)  insured or held by HUD under Section 221(d)(3) of the National Housing Act and assisted under Section  101 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1965 or Section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937;

(ii)  insured or held by HUD and bears interest at a rate determined  under  the  proviso  of  Section  221(d)(3) of the National Housing Act;

(iii)  insured, assisted, or held by HUD under Section 202 or 236 of the National Housing Act;

(iv)  insured or held by HUD under Section 514 or 515 of the Housing Act of 1949;

(v)  insured  or  held  by  HUD  under  the  United States Housing Act of 1937; or

(vi)  held by HUD and formerly insured under a  program listed in subdivision (i), (ii), (iii), (iv), or (v).
(b)  This  Section  applies  only if all of the following conditions
are met:
(1)  The verified complaint seeks possession of  premises that are subsidized housing as defined under this Section.

(2)  The verified complaint alleges that there is direct evidence  of refusal by the tenant to allow the landlord or agent of the landlord or other person authorized by State or federal  law  or regulations or local ordinance to inspect the premises, provided that all of the following conditions have been met:
(A)  on 2 separate occasions within a 30 day period  the tenant,  or  another person on the premises with the consent of the tenant, refuses to allow the  landlord or agent of the landlord  or other person authorized by State or federal law or regulations or local ordinance to inspect the premises;

(B)  the landlord then sends written notice to the  tenant stating  that (i) the tenant, or a person on the premises with the consent of the tenant, failed twice within a 30 day  period to  allow the landlord or agent of the landlord or other person authorized by State or federal  law  or  regulations or local ordinance  to  inspect  the  premises  and (ii) the tenant must allow the landlord or agent of the  landlord  or  other  person authorized  by  State or federal law or regulations or local ordinance to inspect the premises within the next  30  days  or face emergency eviction proceedings under this Section;

(C)  the tenant subsequently fails to allow the landlord or agent of the landlord or other person authorized by State or federal law or regulations or local ordinance  to  inspect  the premises  within  30  days  of  receiving  the  notice from the
landlord; and

(D)  the tenant's written lease states that the occurrence of the events described in items (A), (B), and (C)  may  resultin eviction.
(3)  Notice, by verified complaint setting forth the relevant facts, and a demand for possession of the type specified in  Section 9-104  is  served on the tenant or occupant of the premises at least 14 days before a hearing on the complaint is held, and proof of service of the complaint is submitted by the plaintiff to the court.
(c)  When a complaint has been filed under this Section, a hearing on the complaint shall be scheduled on any day after the  expiration of 14  days following the filing of the complaint. The summons shall advise the defendant that a hearing on the  complaint  shall be held at the specified  date  and  time, and that the defendant should be prepared to present any evidence on his or her behalf at that time.

(d)  If the defendant does not appear at the hearing, judgment for possession of the premises in favor of the plaintiff shall be entered by default.  If the defendant appears, a trial shall be held immediately as is prescribed in other proceedings for possession.  The matter shall not be  continued  beyond  7 days from the date set for the first hearing on the complaint  except  by  agreement  of  both  the  plaintiff  and the defendant.  After a trial, if the court finds, by a preponderance of the evidence,  that  the  allegations in the complaint have been proven, the court shall enter judgment for possession of the premises  in  favor  of the  plaintiff  and  the  court  shall order that the plaintiff shall be entitled to re-enter the premises immediately.

(e)  A judgment for possession entered under this Section may not be stayed for any period in excess of 7 days by the court.  Thereafter  the plaintiff  shall  be entitled to re-enter the premises immediately.  The sheriff or other lawfully deputized  officers  shall  give  priority  to service  and  execution  of orders entered under this Section over other possession orders. (735 ILCS 5/9-119) Sec. 9-119.

Ceased premises  used  in  furtherance  of  a  criminal offense;  lease void at option of lessor or assignee.
(a)  If any lessee or occupant, on one or more occasions, uses or permits the use of leased premises for the commission of  any  act  that would  constitute  a  felony  or a Class A misdemeanor under the laws of this State, the lease or rental agreement shall, at the  option  of  the lessor  or  the  lessor's  assignee become void, and the owner or lessor shall be entitled to  recover  possession  of  the  leased  premises  as against a tenant holding over after the expiration of his or her term.

(b)  The  owner  or  lessor  may bring a forcible entry and detainer action, or, if the State's Attorney of the  county  in  which  the  real property is located agrees, assign to that State's Attorney the right to bring  a  forcible  entry  and detainer action on behalf of the owner or lessor, against the lessee and all occupants  of  the  leased  premises. The  assignment  must  be  in  writing on a form prepared by the State's Attorney of the county in which the real property is  located.   If  the owner or lessor assigns the right to bring a forcible entry and detainer action, the assignment shall be limited to those rights and duties up to and  including  delivery  of  the  order  of eviction to the sheriff for execution.  The owner or lessor shall remain liable for the cost of  the eviction  whether  or  not  the  right  to  bring the forcible entry and detainer action has been assigned.

(c)  A person does not forfeit any  part  of  his  or  her  security deposit  due solely to an eviction under the provisions of this Section, except that a security deposit may be used to pay fees  charged  by  the sheriff for carrying out an eviction.

(d)  If  a lessor or the lessor's assignee voids a lease or contract under the provisions of this Section and the tenant or occupant has  not vacated  the premises within 5 days after receipt of a written notice to vacate the premises, the lessor or lessor's  assignee  may  seek  relief under  this Article IX. Notwithstanding Sections 9-112, 9-113, and 9-114 of this Code, judgment for costs against a plaintiff seeking  possession of the premises under this Section shall not be awarded to the defendant unless  the action was brought by the plaintiff in bad faith.  An action to possess premises under this Section shall not be deemed to be in  bad faith when the plaintiff based his or her cause of action on information provided  to  him or her by a law enforcement agency or the State's Attorney.

(e)  After a trial, if the court finds, by a  preponderance of the evidence, that  the  allegations in the complaint have been proven, the court shall enter judgment for possession of the premises in favor of the plaintiff and the court shall order that the plaintiff shall be entitled to re-enter the premises immediately.

(f)  A judgment for possession of the premises entered in an  action brought by a lessor or lessor's assignee, if the action was brought as a result  of a lessor or lessor's assignee declaring a lease void pursuant to this Section, may not be stayed for any period in excess of 7 days by the court unless all parties agree to a longer period. Thereafter the plaintiff  shall  be  entitled to re-enter the premises immediately. The sheriff or other lawfully deputized  officers  shall  execute  an  order entered pursuant to this Section within 7 days of its entry, or within 7 days of the expiration of a stay of judgment, if one is entered.

(g)  Nothing  in  this Section shall limit the rights of an owner or lessor to bring a forcible entry and detainer action  on  the  basis  of other applicable law. (735 ILCS 5/9-120) Sec. 9-120.

Part 2.  Recovery of Rent; Termination of Certain Tenancies

Recovery of rent.
    The owner of lands, his or her executors or administrators, may sue for and recover rent therefor, or a fair  and reasonable satisfaction for the use and occupation thereof, by a civil action in any of the following instances:
1.  When rent is due and in arrears on a lease for life or lives.

2.  When lands are held and  occupied  by  any  person  without  any special agreement for rent.

3.   When  possession  is  obtained  under  an agreement, written or verbal, for the purchase of the premises, and before a deed is given the right to possession is terminated by forfeiture or  non-compliance  with the  agreement,  and possession is wrongfully refused or neglected to be given upon demand, made in writing, by the party entitled  thereto.  All payments  made by the vendee, or his or her  representatives or assigns, may be set off against such rent.

4.  When land has been sold upon a judgment of court, when the party to such judgment or person holding under him or her, wrongfully refuses or  neglects to surrender possession of the same, after demand, in writing, by the person entitled to the possession.

5.  When the lands have been sold upon a mortgage or trust deed, and the mortgagor or grantor, or person holding under him or her, wrongfully refuses or neglects to surrender possession of the same,  after  demand, in writing, by the person entitled to the possession.  (735 ILCS 5/9-201) Sec. 9-201.

Wilfully holding over.
    If any tenant or any person  who is in or comes into possession of any lands, tenements or hereditaments, by,  from or under, or by collusion with the tenant, wilfully holds over any lands, tenements or hereditaments, after the expiration  of  his  or her  term or terms, and after demand made in writing, for the possession thereof, by his or her landlord, or the person to whom the remainder  or reversion  of such lands, tenements or hereditaments belongs, the person so holding over, shall, for the time the landlord or rightful  owner  is so  kept out of possession, pay to the person so kept out of possession, or his or her legal representatives, at the rate of  double  the  yearly value  of  the  lands,  tenements  or  hereditaments  so  detained to be recovered by a civil action. (735 ILCS 5/9-202) Sec. 9-202.

Holding over after notice.
    If any tenant gives notice of his or her intention to quit the premises which are held by him or her, at a time mentioned in such notice, at which time the tenant  would have  a  right to quit by the lease, and does not accordingly deliver up possession thereof, such tenant shall pay to the landlord or lessor double  the rent or sum which would otherwise be due, to be collected in the same manner as the rent otherwise due should have been collected. (735 ILCS 5/9-203) Sec. 9-203.
 

Rent in arrears  -  Re-entry.
    In all cases between landlord  and  tenant,  where  one-half  year's  rent  is in arrears and unpaid, and the landlord or lessor to whom such  rent  is  due  has  the right  by  law  to  re-enter  for  non-payment thereof, such landlord or lessor may, without any formal demand or re-entry, commence an action of ejectment for the recovery of the demised premises.  In case judgment is entered in favor of the plaintiff in the action of ejectment before  the rent  in  arrearage  and costs of the action are paid, then the lease of the lands shall cease and be determined,  unless  the  lessee  shall  by appeal  reverse the judgment, or by petition filed within 6 months after the entry of such judgment, obtain relief from the same.   However,  any tenant  may,  at any time before final judgment on the ejectment, pay or tender to the landlord or lessor of the premises the amount of  rent  in arrears and costs of the action, whereupon the action of ejectment shall be dismissed.  (735 ILCS 5/9-204) Sec. 9-204.

Notice to terminate tenancy from year to year.
    Except as provided in Section 9-206 of this Act, in all cases of tenancy from year to year, 60 days' notice, in writing, shall be sufficient to terminate the  tenancy at the end of the year. The notice may be given at any time within 4 months preceding the last 60 days of the year. (735 ILCS 5/9-205) Sec. 9-205.

Notice to terminate tenancy of farm land.
    In order to terminate  tenancies from year to year of farm lands, occupied on a crop share, livestock share, cash rent or other rental basis, the  notice  to quit  shall be given in writing not less than 4 months prior to the end of the year of letting. Such notice may not be waived in a verbal lease. The notice to quit may be substantially in the following form:
To A.B.: You are hereby notified that I have  elected  to  terminate your  lease  of  the  farm  premises  now  occupied  by you, being (here describe the premises) and you are hereby further notified to  quit  and deliver  up  possession  of the same to me at the end of the lease year, the last day of such year being (here insert the last day of the lease year).  (735 ILCS 5/9-206) Sec. 9-206.

Life tenancy termination; farmland leases.
(a)  Tenancies from year to year of  farmland  occupied  on  a  crop share,  livestock  share,  cash rent, or other rental basis in which the lessor is the life tenant or the representative of the life tenant shall continue until the end of the current  lease  year  in  which  the  life tenant's interest terminates unless otherwise provided in writing by the lessor and the lessee.

(b)  Whenever  the  life  tenancy  of the lessor terminates not more than 6 months before the end of the tenancy of the lessee but before the beginning of the next crop year, the lessee of the farmlands is entitled to reasonable costs incurred in field  preparation  for  the  next  crop year, payable by the succeeding life tenant or remainderman.
    As used in this Section "farmland" means any property used primarily for  the  growing  and  harvesting  of  crops; the feeding, breeding and management  of  livestock;  dairying,  or  any  other  agricultural   or horticultural use or combination thereof, including, but not limited to, hay,  grain,  fruit,  truck  or  vegetable crops, floriculture, mushroom growing, plant or tree nurseries, orchards, forestry,  sod  farming  and greenhouses;  the  keeping, raising and feeding of livestock or poultry, including poultry, swine, sheep, beef cattle, ponies  or  horses;  dairy farming; fur farming; beekeeping; or fish or wildlife farming.  (735 ILCS 5/9-206.1) Sec. 9-206.1.

Notice to terminate tenancy for less than  a  year.
    In all cases of tenancy from week to week, where the tenant holds over without special agreement, the landlord may terminate the tenancy by 7 days' notice, in writing, and may maintain an action for forcible entry and detainer or ejectment.
    In all cases of tenancy for any term less than one year, other than tenancy  from  week to week, where the tenant holds over without special agreement, the landlord may terminate the tenancy by 30 days' notice, in writing, and may maintain an action for forcible entry and  detainer  or ejectment. (735 ILCS 5/9-207)
Sec. 9-207.

Further  demand.
    Where a tenancy is terminated by notice, under either of the 2 preceding sections, no further demand is necessary before bringing an action under the  statute  in  relation  to forcible detainer or ejectment. (735 ILCS 5/9-208)
Sec. 9-208.

Demand for rent - Action for possession.
    A landlord  or his or her agent may, any time after rent is due, demand payment thereof and  notify the tenant, in writing, that unless payment is made within a time mentioned in such notice,  not  less  than  5  days  after  service thereof, the lease will be terminated. If the tenant does not within the time  mentioned  in  such  notice,  pay  the  rent due, the landlord may consider the lease ended, and sue for the possession under  the  statute in  relation  to  forcible  entry  and  detainer,  or maintain ejectment without further notice or demand. A claim for rent may be joined in  the complaint,  and a judgment obtained for the amount of rent found due, in any action or proceeding brought, in an action  of  forcible  entry  and detainer for the possession of the leased premises, under this Section.
    Notice  made  pursuant to this Section shall, as hereinafter stated, not be invalidated by payments of past due rent demanded in the  notice, when  the  payments  do  not, at the end of the notice period, total the amount demanded in the notice.  The  landlord  may,  however,  agree  in writing to continue the lease in exchange for receiving partial payment. To prevent invalidation, the notice must prominently state:
"Only  FULL  PAYMENT  of the rent demanded in this notice will waive the landlord's right to terminate the lease under  this  notice,  unless the  landlord  agrees  in  writing to continue the lease in exchange for receiving partial payment."
    Collection by the landlord of past rent due after the  filing  of a suit for  possession  or ejectment pursuant to failure of the tenant to pay the rent demanded in the notice shall not invalidate the suit.  (735 ILCS 5/9-209) Sec. 9-209.

Notice to quit.
    When default is made in any of the terms  of a lease, it is not necessary to give more than 10 days' notice to quit, or of the termination of such tenancy,  and  the  same  may  be terminated  on giving such notice to quit at any time after such default in any of the terms of such lease.  Such notice may be substantially  in
the following form:
"To  A.B.:  You  are  hereby  notified  that  in consequence of your default in (here insert the character of the default)  of  the  premises now  occupied  by  you, being, etc., (here describe the premises) I have elected to terminate your lease, and you are hereby notified to quit and deliver up possession of the same to me within  10  days  of  this  date (dated, etc.)."
The notice is to be signed by the lessor or his or her agent, and no other  notice  or demand of possession or termination of such tenancy is necessary. (735 ILCS 5/9-210) Sec. 9-210.

Service of demand or notice.
    Any demand may be made  or notice  served by delivering a written or printed, or partly written and printed, copy thereof to the tenant, or by leaving the same  with  some person  of  the age of 13 years or upwards, residing on or in possession of the premises; or by sending a copy of the notice to the tenant by certified or registered mail, with a returned receipt from the addressee; and in case no  one  is  in  the  actual  possession  of  the premises, then by posting the same on the premises. (735 ILCS 5/9-211) Sec. 9-211.

Evidence of service.
    When such demand is made or  notice served  by  an officer authorized to serve process, the officer's return is prima facie evidence of the facts therein stated, and if such  demand is made or notice served by any person not an officer, the return may be sworn  to  by  the  person  serving  the  same,  and is then prima facie evidence of the facts therein stated. (735 ILCS 5/9-212) Sec. 9-212.

Expiration of term.
    When the tenancy is for a certain period, and the term expires by the terms of the lease, the tenant is then bound to surrender possession, and no notice to quit or  demand  of possession is necessary.  (735 ILCS 5/9-213) Sec. 9-213.

Duty of landlord to mitigate damages.
    After January 1, 1984, a landlord or his or her agent shall take reasonable measures to mitigate the damages recoverable against a defaulting lessee. (735 ILCS 5/9-213.1)  Sec. 9-213.1.

Lease defined.
    The term "lease," as used in  Part  2  of Article  IX  of  this  Act, includes every letting, whether by verbal or written agreement.  (735 ILCS 5/9-214) Sec. 9-214.

Remedies available to  grantee.
    The grantees of any leased lands, tenements, rents or other hereditaments, or of the reversion thereof, the assignees of the lessor of any lease, and the heirs,  legatees  and personal representatives of the lessor, grantee or assignee, shall have the same remedies by action or otherwise,  for  the non-performance  of  any  agreement in the lease, or for the recovery of any rent, or for the doing of any waste or other cause of forfeiture, as their grantor or lessor might have had if such reversion had remained in such lessor or grantor.  (735 ILCS 5/9-215) Sec. 9-215.

Remedies available to lessee.
    The lessees of any lands, their assigns or personal representatives, shall have the  same  remedy, by  action  or  otherwise, against the lessor, his or her grantees, assignees or his, her or their representatives, for the  breach  of  any
agreement  in  such  lease, as such lessee might have had against his or her immediate lessor. This section shall  have  no  application  to  the covenants  against  incumbrances, or relating to the title or possession of the premises demised. (735 ILCS 5/9-216) Sec. 9-216.

Rent recoverable by representative, from subtenant.
    When a tenant for life demises any lands and dies on or after the day when any rent becomes due and payable, his or her executor or administrator may recover from the subtenant the whole rent due, but  if  such  tenant for life dies, before the day when any rent is to become due, his or her executor  or  administrator  may  recover  the  proportion of rent which accrued before his or her death, and the remainder man shall recover for the residue. (735 ILCS 5/9-217) Sec. 9-217.

 Part 3.  Distress for Rent

Property subject to distraint.
    In all cases of distress for rent, the landlord, by himself or  herself,  his  or  her  agent  or attorney,  may seize for rent any personal property of his or her tenant that may be found in the county where such tenant  resides,  and  in  no case  shall  the  property of any other person, although the same may be found on the premises, be liable to  seizure for rent due from such tenant. (735 ILCS 5/9-301)
Sec. 9-301.

Filing of distress warrant with  inventory.
    The person making  such  distress  shall  immediately  file  with  the clerk of the circuit court a copy of the distress warrant, together with an inventory of the property levied upon. (735 ILCS 5/9-302) Sec. 9-302.

Summons and return.
    Upon the  filing  of  such  copy  of distress  warrant and inventory, the clerk shall issue a summons against the party against whom the distress warrant has been issued,  returnable as summons in other civil cases.  (735 ILCS 5/9-303) Sec. 9-303.

Notice to non-residents.
    When it appears,  by  affidavit filed  in the court where such proceeding is pending, that the defendant is a nonresident or has departed from this  state,  or  on  due inquiry cannot be found, or is concealed within this state, and the affiant states the place of residence of the defendant, if  known,  and if not known, that  upon  diligent  inquiry  he  or  she  has not been able to ascertain the same, notice may be given as in attachment cases. (735 ILCS 5/9-304) Sec. 9-304.

Proceedings -  Pleading.
    The action shall thereafter proceed in the same manner as in case of attachment before the court. It shall  not  be  necessary  for  the  plaintiff  in  any  case  to file a complaint, but the distress warrant shall stand as a complaint and shall be amendable, as complaints in other civil cases, but no such  amendment shall  in  any  way  affect  any  liabilities  that  have accrued in the execution of such warrant. (735 ILCS 5/9-305) Sec. 9-305.

Counterclaim  -  Defenses.
    The defendant may file a counterclaim as in other civil actions or other defense which would have been proper if the action had been for the rent, and with like effect. (735 ILCS 5/9-306) Sec. 9-306.

Judgment  for  plaintiff.
    If the plaintiff recovers, judgment  shall  be  entered in favor of plaintiff, for the amount which the court finds to be due the plaintiff.  (735 ILCS 5/9-307) Sec. 9-307.

Effect  of  judgment  against  defendant.
    After the defendant is served with process or appears in  the action, the judgment shall  have  the  same force and effect as if served by summons, and the judgment may be enforced, not only against the property distrained,  but also  against  the  other  property  of  the defendant. But the property distrained, if the same has not been replevied or released from seizure, shall be first sold. (735 ILCS 5/9-308) Sec.  9-308.

Judgment by default.
    When publication of notice, as provided  by  law, but the defendant is not served with process and does not appear, judgment by default may be entered, and  the  plaintiff  may recover  the  amount  due him or her for rent at the time of issuing the distress warrant, and  enforcement  may  be  had  against  the  property
distrained,  but no enforcement may be had against any other property of the defendant. (735 ILCS 5/9-309) Sec. 9-309.

Judgment in favor of defendant - Counterclaim.
    If the judgment is in favor of the defendant, the defendant shall recover costs and  judgment  shall  be  entered for the return to the defendant of the property distrained, unless the same has been replevied or released from such distress. If a counterclaim is interposed, and it is determined  by the  court  that  a  balance is due from the plaintiff to the defendant, judgment shall be entered in favor of the defendant. (735 ILCS 5/9-310) Sec. 9-310.

Bond for release of property.
    When any distress  warrant is levied, the person whose property is distrained, may release the same by  entering into bond in double the amount of the rent claimed, payable to the landlord, with sufficient sureties, to be approved by the  person making  the levy, if the bond is tendered before the filing of a copy of the warrant, as provided in Part 3 of Article IX  of this Act, or if after,  by the clerk  of  the  court  in  which the action is pending, conditioned to pay whatever judgment the landlord  may  recover  in  the action, with costs of the action. If the bond is taken before the filing of  a  copy of the distress warrant, such bond shall be filed therewith, and if taken after the filing of a copy  of  the  distress  warrant,  it shall  be filed in the office of the clerk of the court where the action is pending. (735 ILCS 5/9-311) Sec. 9-311.

Perishable property.
    If any property distrained is of a perishable nature and in danger of immediate waste or decay, and is not replevied or bonded, the landlord or his or her agent or  attorney  may, upon giving notice to the  defendant  or  his or her attorney, or if
neither can be found, without any notice, apply to the court in which the action is pending describing the property, and showing that it is so in  danger,  and  if  the  court  is satisfied that the property is of a perishable nature and in danger of immediate waste or decay, and if  the defendant  or his or her attorney is not served with notice, or does not appear, that neither the defendant nor the attorney can  be  found,  the court  may  enter  an  order  to  the  person  having  possession of the property, directing the sale thereof upon such time  and  notice,  terms and  conditions  as  the  court shall deem for the best interests of the parties concerned. The money resulting from such sale shall be deposited with the clerk of the court in which the action  is  pending,  there  to abide the event of the action. (735 ILCS 5/9-312) Sec. 9-312.

Limitation.
    The right of the landlord to distrain the personal goods of the tenant, shall continue for the period of 6 months after the expiration of the term for which the premises were demised  or the tenancy is terminated. (735 ILCS 5/9-313) Sec. 9-313.

Distress for products and labor.
    When the rent is payable  wholly  or in part in specific articles of property or products of the premises, or labor, the landlord may distrain for  the  value  of such articles, products or labor. (735 ILCS 5/9-314) Sec. 9-314.

Exemption.
    The same articles of personal property  which are,  by  law, exempt from the enforcement of a judgment thereon, except the crops grown or growing upon the  demised  premises,  shall  also  be exempt from distress for rent. (735 ILCS 5/9-315) Sec. 9-315.

Lien upon crops.
    Every landlord shall have a lien upon the crops grown or growing upon the demised premises for the rent thereof, whether the same is payable wholly  or  in  part  in  money  or specific articles of property or products of the premises, or labor, and also for the faithful performance of the terms of the lease. Such lien shall continue for the period of 6 months after the  expiration  of  the term  for  which  the  premises are demised, and may  be enforced by distraint as provided in Part 3 of Article IX of this Act.
    A good faith purchaser shall, however, take such crops free  of any landlord's  lien  unless, within 6 months prior to the purchase, the landlord provides written  notice  of  his  lien  to  the  purchaser  by registered  or  certified mail.  Such notice shall contain the names and addresses of the landlord and tenant, and clearly  identify the leased property.
    A landlord may require that, prior to his tenant's selling any crops grown  on  the  demised  premises,  the  tenant disclose the name of the person to whom the tenant intends to sell those  crops.   Where  such  a requirement has been imposed, the tenant shall not sell the crops to any person  other  than a person who has been disclosed to the landlord as a potential buyer of the crops.  (735 ILCS 5/9-316) (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 91-893) Sec. 9-316.

Lien upon crops.
    Every landlord shall have a lien upon the crops grown or growing upon the  demised premises for the rent thereof, whether the same is payable wholly or in  part  in  money  or specific articles of property or products of the premises, or labor, and also  for  the faithful performance of the terms of the lease. Such lien shall continue for the period of 6 months after the  expiration  of  the term  for  which  the  premises  are  demised,  and  may  be enforced by distraint as provided in Part 3 of Article IX of this Act.
   A good faith purchaser shall, however, take such crops free of any landlord's  lien  unless,  within  6  months  prior to the purchase, the landlord provides written  notice  of  his  lien  to  the  purchaser  by registered or certified mail.  Such notice shall contain the names and addresses of the landlord and tenant, and clearly  identify the leased property.
    A landlord may require that, prior to his tenant's selling any crops grown  on  the  demised  premises,  the  tenant disclose the name of the person to whom the tenant intends to sell those  crops.   Where  such  a requirement has been imposed, the tenant shall not sell the crops to any  person  other  than a person who has been disclosed to the landlord as a potential buyer of the crops.
    A lien arising under this Section and duly perfected under Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial  Code  shall  have  priority  over  any  other agricultural  lien as defined in, and over any security interest arising under, provisions of Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code. (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 91-893) Sec. 9-316.

Tenant's duty to disclose to landlord identity of vendee of crops.
(a)  Where, pursuant to Section 9-316, a landlord has required that, before the tenant sells crops grown on the demised premises, the tenant disclose to the landlord the persons to whom the tenant intends to sell such  crops, it is unlawful for the tenant to sell the crops to a person other than a person so disclosed to the landlord.

(b)  An individual who knowingly violates this Section is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.

(c)  A corporation convicted of a violation of this Section is guilty of a business offense and shall be fined not less than $2000 nor more than $10,000.

(d)  In the event the tenant is a corporation or a partnership, any officer, director, manager or managerial  agent  of  the  tenant  who violates  this  Section  or causes the tenant to violate this Section is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.

(e)  It is an affirmative defense to a prosecution for the violation of this Section that the tenant has paid to the landlord the proceeds from the sale of the crops within 10 days after such sale. (735 ILCS 5/9-316.1) Sec. 9-316.1.

Landlord's right against sublessee.
    In all cases when the leased  premises are sublet, or the lease is assigned, the landlord shall have the same right to enforce his or her lien against the sublessee  or assignee, that the landlord has against the tenant to whom the premises were leased. (735 ILCS 5/9-317) Sec. 9-317.

Abandonment of premises.
    When a tenant abandons or removes  from  the  premises or any part thereof, the landlord or his or her agent or attorney may seize upon any grain or other crops  grown  or growing upon the premises or part thereof so abandoned, whether the rent is  due  or not. If such grain or other crops or any part thereof is not fully grown or matured, the landlord or his or  her  agent  or  attorney shall  cause  the  same  to be properly cultivated and harvested or gathered, and may sell and dispose of the same, and apply the  proceeds, so far as may be necessary,  to compensate for his or her labor and expenses, and to pay the rent.  The tenant may, at any time  before  the sale of the property so seized, redeem the same by tendering the rent due and the reasonable compensation and expenses of the cultivation  and harvesting or gathering the same, or the tenant may replevy the property seized. (735 ILCS 5/9-318) Sec. 9-318.

Removal of fixture.
    Subject to the right of the landlord to distrain for rent, a tenant has the right to remove from the leased premises all removable fixtures erected thereon by him or her during the term of the lease,  or  of  any renewal thereof, or of any successive leasing of the premises while the tenant remains in  possession in the character of a tenant. (735 ILCS 5/9-319) Sec. 9-319.

Notice by nonresident owner.
(a) An owner of residential real property containing more than 4 living units, who does not reside or maintain an office therein and does not employ a manager or agent who resides or maintains an office therein, shall:
(1)  post or cause to be posted on such residential real property adjacent to the mailboxes or within the  interior  of  such  residential real  property  in  a location visible to all the residents, a notice of not less than 20 square inches in size bearing:
(i)  the name, address and telephone number of the person responsible for managing the building; and

(ii)  the  name,  address  and  telephone  number  of the company or companies insuring such residential real property against loss or damage by fire or explosion or if the residential real property is not insured, that shall be stated in the notice; and
(2)  within 24 hours from the time such owner is notified that any company or companies insuring such residential real property against loss or damage by fire or explosion has cancelled such  insurance,  post or  cause to be posted in the manner provided in subparagraph (1) notice of such cancellation.
(b)  In lieu of the requirement for posting the  notices  prescribed in  subsection (a) of this Section and the owner's managing agent may include such notice in a written rental or lease agreement or  may  give such notice by first class mail addressed to the lessee or renter.

(c)  Failure  to give any notice required by this Section is a petty offense and shall subject the owner to pay a fine of not more than $100 per day of violation. (735 ILCS 5/9-320) Sec. 9-320.

Distress before rent due.
    If any tenant shall, without the consent of his or her landlord, sell and remove, or permit to be removed, or be about to sell and remove, or permit to be  removed,  from the demised premises, such part or portion of the crops raised thereon, as shall endanger the lien of the landlord upon such crops for the rent agreed to be paid,  it is lawful for the landlord to institute proceedings  by  distress  before the rent is due, as is now provided by law, in case of the removal of the tenant from the demised premises; and thereafter the proceedings shall be conducted in the same manner  as  is now provided by law in ordinary cases of distress, where the rent is due and unpaid.  (735 ILCS 5/9-321) Sec. 9-321.                      

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